Tasks

Asking Questions

  1. Question intonation 1-10 (BTS 19)
  2. か (2-1 BTS 3; questions without か 4-4 BTS 15)
  3. Questions with falling intonation (2-5 BTS 21)
  4. [Noun + Phrase Particle] as a question (4-2 BTS 7)
  5. Questions without か 4-4 BTS 15
  6. Embedded yes/no questions (12-2 BTS 4)
  7. Embedded information questions (12-3 BTS 6)

Assumption

  1. Adjective んです (6-5 BTS 19)
  2. More on んです (7-1 BTS 4)
  3. つもり to indicate assumption (15-5 BTS 11)

Expressing opinions

  1. Sentence + でしょうか (4-1 BTS 2)
  2. Sentence でしょう? (5-2 BTS 2)
  3. Sentenceと思う (7-4 BTS 12)
  4. 優しそう Appearance (8-5 BTS 12)
  5. だろう (8-5 BTS 13)
  6. Advice and suggestions: 〜た方がいい (13-1)
  7. Agreeing and disagreeing: Sentence + 通り(に)/その通り(に)(13-3 BTS 9)
  8. Sentence + かと思う:無理かと思う (14-1 BTS 2)
  9. Sentence + かと思った (14-5 BTS 16)
  10. Sentence + じゃない(いいじゃない)(14-5 BTS 17)
  11. Non-past affirmative Sentence + べき (16-1 BTS 1)
  12. Expressing an opinion: Sentence + ように思う (16-6 BTS 11)
  13. Sentence + はず (17-2 BTS 3)

Comparison

  1. Contrast/Background information (2-4 BTS 16)
  2. Contrast (2-6 BTS 22)
  3. Comparison: Noun + と + Sentence (6-6 BTS 25)
  4. Comparison of two items より and ほど(6-6 BTS 24)
  5. Comparison of three or more things: 一番 (9-4 BTS 10)
  6. Comparison of two activities (10-6 BTS 12)

Giving a self-introduction

  1. 自己紹介 (1-4 BTS 7, 8, 9)
  2. Repeating your name in a self-introduction (1-10 BTS 20)
  3. 自己紹介 (6-1 BTS 4)
  4. Name + といいます・おっしゃいます・申します (6-2 BTS 8)
  5. Workplace self-introduction (discourse structure) (24-5 BTS 10)

Giving a speech

  1. Structure of a simple gratitude speech (24-1 BTS 1)
  2. Leading a toast (discourse structure) (24-2 BTS 2)
  3. Formal speech when moving on (discourse structure) (24-3 BTS 5)
  4. Impromptu farewell speech structure (24-4 BTS 7)

Giving explanations

  1. 〜から Reasons (5-5 BTS 12)
  2. Adjective んです (6-5 BTS 19)
  3. Giving an explanation: Sentence ので (10-1 BTS 3)
  4. どうして・なぜ〜んですか・なんで〜んですか (9-3 BTS 8)
  5. だって(さ) + Sentence (9-5 BTS 13)
  6. Giving personal reasons: もん・もの (9-5 BTS 14)

Giving advice

  1. Advice and suggestions: 〜た方がいい (13-1)
  2. Prohibition: affirmative Verb 〜ては・ちゃ+いけない・ダメ・よくない・まずい (13-2 BTS 7)
  3. Requirement or necessity: negative 〜なくては・なくちゃ+いけない・ダメ・ならない・よくない・まずい (14-6 BTS 18)
  4. Non-past affirmative Sentence + べき (16-1 BTS 1)
  5. Negative Imperative (23-2 BTS 2)
  6. Affirmative Imperative (23-2 BTS 3)

Hypothesizing

  1. Conditional〜たら + non-past Sentence (11-1 BTS 1)
  2. Conditional〜たら+past Sentence 知っていたら (11-4 BTS 9)
  3. Affirmative non-past Sentence1とSentence2 (12-4 BTS 13)
  4. もしかしたら・もしかすると (12-6 BTS 20)
  5. Hypothetical statements: 〜としたら
  6. Provisional form: 〜ば (16-2 BTS 4)
  7. たとえ……〜ても (18-6 BTS 13)
  8. 〜れば……ほど (20-5 BTS 7)
  9. Noun + さえ〜ば (22-3 BTS 8)

Inviting

  1. Negative Questions as Invitations (2-3 BTS 11)
  2. Declining invitations (16-1 BTS 2)

Listing

  1. あと+ Noun (4-2 BTS 11)
  2. Noun, Noun, それから Noun (7-2 BTS 5)
  3. 例のNoun (13-3 BTS 8)
  4. 〜たり〜たり (13-6 BTS 16)
  5. XかY (21-4 BTS 10)
  6. など (22-2 BTS 5)
  7. Listing Things: XにYに (24-2 BTS 2)
  8. Xはもとより、Y、Z (24-2 BTS 5)
  9. X始め、Y、Z (24-3 BTS 7)
  10. X、またはY (24-4 BTS 12)

Reporting

  1. Quotation with と・(っ)て (7-3 BTS 9)
  2. Hearsay: Sentence + そう (14-2 BTS 4)
  3. Relaying information: Sentence + とのことです (15-3 BTS 5)
  4. Noun + によると (17-4 BTS 8)
  5. Sentence + らしい (18-2 BTS 6)

Requesting

  1. お願いします (1-3 BTS 6)
  2. Request (5-1 BTS 2)
  3. Polite requests 持ってきていただけますか (5-3BTS 5-3)
  4. Thanking 呼んでくださってありがとうございます (5-5 BTS 11)
  5. Negative commands and requests: 急がないで (8-2)
  6. Verb 〜てほしい (12-17 BTS 17)

Planning

  1. つもり to indicate intention (15-1 BTS 2)
  2. Collaborative planning (15-6 BTS 12)

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